The risk for chronic diseases and other health problems increases as we age, and those problems can vary widely. Awareness is the first step toward preventing, recognizing, and treating health concerns.
Some hearing and vision loss are a part of normal aging as is decline in immune function. Cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis and dementia are common chronic conditions at age 85.
Osteoarthritis, diabetes, and related mobility disability will increase in prevalence as the population ages and becomes more overweight. These population changes have considerable public health importance. Caregiver support, services in the home, assistive technologies, and promotion of home exercise programs as well as consideration of transportation and housing policies are recommended. For clinicians, judicious prescribing and ordering of tests includes a consideration of life expectancy, lag time to benefit, and patient goals. Furthermore, healthy behaviors starting in early childhood can optimize quality of life among the oldest-old.
Here’s more common medical conditions that tend to affect older people.
Epilepsy is a neurological condition that results in seizures. Oddly, epilepsy is common in those at opposite ends of the age spectrum. It is most common in young children and people aged over 65. In fact, one in four people with epilepsy are over 65. Every day, 87 people are diagnosed with the condition.
Epilepsy can be caused by head injuries, strokes, tumours or certain infections. You’ll normally receive a diagnosis if you’ve had two or more seizures. This is because many people have a one-off epileptic seizure during their lifetime.
Osteoporosis affects over three million people across the US, with more than 500,000 people receiving hospital treatment for fragility fractures every year as a result. This condition develops slowly over time and is often left undiagnosed until a fall or impact causes a bone fracture.
This is because osteoporosis is a condition that weakens the bones. Losing bone mass is a natural part of the ageing process, however some people do lose density faster than normal. This leads to osteoporosis and a higher risk of fracture injuries.
12. Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a neurological condition that affects the brain and spinal cord. The condition can cause serious disability, but the main symptoms are a wide range of problems with vision, movement and balance.
There are more than 100,000 people in the US living with the condition. The MS Society estimates that each year 5000 more people are diagnosed. That’s approximately 14 people every day. They go on to say that around one in every 600 people has multiple sclerosis (MS).